- Lombard (q.v.) soldier of fortune from Bari (q.v.); magistros and doux of Italy (qq.v.) from 1051-1058. His father Melo rebelled against Byzantium (q.v.). So did Argyros in 1042 when the Normans (q.v.), along with the militia of Bari, proclaimed him prince and duke of Italy. However, he negotiated his loyalty with Byzantium for the promise of a future title, and once in Constantinople (q.v.) he helped defeat Leo Tornikios (q.v.) in 1045. Constantine IX (q.v.) made Argyros magistros (q.v.), and doux and sent him back to southern Italy to fight the Normans. To do this he formed an anti-Norman alliance with Pope Leo IX (q.v.), but the Normans defeated them separately in 1053. When Humbert (q.v.) excommunicated Patriarch Keroularios (q.v.) the following year, Patriarch Michael Keroularios (qq.v.) blamed Argyros for contributing to the circumstances that made the schism of 1054 (q.v.) possible.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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